Chapter 8 – Dynamic forms

Dynamic forms.  Formes dynamiques. Dynamiske former.

 English Français Norsk Definition

Dynamic Forms/


Formes dynamiques/

Orientation temporelle

Dynamisk Form/


Dynamic forms are manifested through the large scale directional tendencies. Analysis of dynamic forms reveals form-building functions


Orientation vers la présence


Stable (or no) tendency; being directed toward neither future nor past.


Orientation  vers l’avant


Tendency directed towards a future point in time and/or by an increasing tendency.


Orientation vers l’arrière


Tendency directed away from a past point in time, and/or by decreasing tendency.


Orientation indéfinie


Vague tendency or conflicting tendencies

Average (primary)

Normale  (primaire)

Normal (primær)

Average strength of function

Faint (secondary)

Faible (secondaire)

Svak (sekundær)

Weak function




Strong function

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Goal Attainment

 English Français Norsk Definition
Goal Attainment Atteinte de l’objectif Måloppnåelse Goal attainment: a forward-oriented function attains its expected goal.
Blunted goal attainment Atteinte atténuée Målavrunding Blunted goal attainment: a forward-oriented function attains its goal but different dimensions arrive at different points in time.
Goal Suspension Retard de l’objectif Målutsettelse Suspended goal attainment: the expected goal of a forward-oriented function is first suspended, but arrives later.
Goal evasion/cancellation Refus de l’objectif Målunnvikelse Goal evasion: in full goal evasion the goal is not reached. In partial goal evasion it is not reached fully or not in the way expected.

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Accent Functions.  

 English Français Norsk Definition
Accent functions Fonctions d’accent Aksentfunksjoner

General Sign for accent Signe général pour accent Generelt tegn for aksent General sign, function unspecified
Goal point Point de cible Målpunkt Accent marking out a goal for musical movement, often at the end of a forward-oriented form-building function.
Separation point Point de séparation Atskillelsespunkt Demarcation of the border between successive time-fields
Release point Point de départ Utløsningspunkt Accentuation of the beginning of a time-field, for example by the launching of a directed motion.
Termination point Point d’arrivée Avslutningspunkt Marking the ending of a time-field or a form-building function.
Affirmation point Point d’affirmation Bekreftelsespunkt Reaffirmation or reinforcement of previous accent
Warning point Point d’alerte Varselpunkt Alert or warning directed towards a future event.

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Typology of Dynamic Forms. Typologie des formes dynamique.  Typologi av dynamiske former

English Français Norsk
Typology of Dynamic Forms Typologie des formes dynamique Typologi av dynamiske former
No dynamic form Absence de forme dynamique Ingen dynamisk form
Simple dynamic form Forme dynamique simple Enkel dynamisk form
Differentiated dynamic form Forme dynamique différenciée Differensiert dynamisk form
Emphatic dynamic form. Forme dynamique forte Emfatisk dynamisk form

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